11 Dutch islands and four sandbanks

Looking for an island escape, but no time or money to head to the Carribean?  If you aren’t too fussed about getting a tan, why not head to a Dutch island.  Fresh air, cycle paths, nature and long beaches – and most of the Dutch islands are only a short ferry ride away.

Pampus: is an artificial island constructed in the late 19th Century in the IJmeer lake, close to Amsterdam.  One of four forts commissioned as part of the Stelling van Amsterdam (Defence Line of Amsterdam), it had the capacity to accommodate 200 men but was only fully utilised during WWI.

Not a pampus grass in sight

Not a pampus grass in sight

Open to the public and accessible by ferry from both Amsterdam and Muiden. See also nine Dutch properties on the Unesco list.

The Wadden Islands

Terschelling:  with approximately 20,000 tourist beds, Terschelling is the largest and most visited Wadden Island.  Head west from the main town center of West Terschelling, to experience untamed nature and long white beaches.  In June, the island hosts the 10-day Oerol festival, attracting many visitors to the art and theatre performances taking place across the island.

Vlieland: smaller, less densely populated than the neighbouring islands, yet only 90mins by ferry from Harlingen in Friesland. Vlieland entices visitors with its serenity and nature, extensive network of cycle paths, and the promise of 20% more sunny days than the mainland.

Texel: boasting 24kms of beaches and easy to reach via ferry from Den Helder, Texel is also famous for its lamb.  All year, visitors can cycle around the island taking in the nature and stopping at one of the seven villages to refuel.

Texel from space, thanks to ESA/NLR

Texel from space, thanks to ESA/NLR

Most of the permanent island human inhabitants (around 13,000) rely on tourism – resulting in plenty of activities available for visitors of all ages.

Ameland:  hosts a human population of around 3,500, an estimated 60 types of birds, and copious flora species.  In 1871, attempts were made to build a dyke between the island and the mainland.  The 8.7km dyke lacked durability and was destroyed by storms the following year, leaving remains that can be seen at low tide.

Schiermonnikoog:  the name of the island translates as ‘island of grey monks’, referring to the original owners who were forced to hand over the island during the Dutch Reformation.

Boats can easily get stuck in the mudflats

Boats can easily get stuck in the mudflats

This was followed with 500 years of invasion, occupation and serious storm damage – until the island was turned into a national park in 1989.  Voted the prettiest place in the Netherlands by the Dutch, Schiermonnikoog can be reached via ferry from Lauwersoog.  See also Nine National Parks

The Frisian Islands

Griend:  this uninhabited small island, 12km south of Terschelling, has the largest colony of Sandwich Terns (birds).  In the Middle Ages a colony of monks also lived in the walled monastery on the island.

Rottumerplaat:   not accessible to ordinary humans, Rottumerplaat is a zone restricted to resting and foraging for the numerous bird species who live on the island and is the northernmost part of the Netherlands.

Birds rule

Birds rule

Rottumerplaat is notorious in literary circles as being the place that spawned two extremely different novels based on the individual experiences of the two authors (Jan Wolkers and Godfried Bomans) who spent a solitary week on the island in 1971.

Rottumeroog:  Uninhabited and under threat of disappearing into the Ems estuary due to changing sea currents.

Zuiderduintjes:   a small island providing sanctuary to birds and seals, although inaccessible to humans.

Rif:  with an area of less than 0.1 square kilometres, this bump in the water lies between Ameland and Schiermonnikoog.

Bonus Feature:  Four sandbanks

Richel:  located between Vlieland and Terschelling, this sandbank is an important breeding ground for grey seals.

Noordehaaks:  a sandbank between Texel and the mainland, Noordehaaks is visited by daytrippers and used as a training ground by Dutch air force and navy staff.

Noordehaaks: All we need is a beach bar

Noordehaaks: All we need is a beach bar

Engelsmanplaat:  also called Kalkman – this is a small sandbank island between Ameland and Schiermonnikoog.

Simonszand: this sandbank is situated between the islands – Schiermonnikoog and Rottumerplaat.

Yes, we know we have not included the Dutch Caribbean islands – that’s a different story. And Urk, Marken and all the rest of the islands which have been attached to the mainland don’t count.  But if we’ve forgotten any significant pieces of land surrounded by water, please do let us know.


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